Oakland, California was named after the oak groves growing in the area, particularly until the mid 19th century.
Spanish settlers referred to the area spanning present-day Emeryville, Piedmont, and parts of Oakland, as Encinal de Temescal, derived from encina, the Spanish word for the evergreen oak.
Oakland was incorporated as a town in 1852 and as a city in 1854.
You can ride a bike across the eastern side of the Bay Bridge from Oakland as far as Yerba Buena island only. As the Bay Bridge Trail bike path runs along the new east span only, at present you cannot ride all the way across the bridge between Oakland and San Francisco. The bridge cycle path is open daily from 6 am to 9 pm, with access points opposite the IKEA store at Shellmound Street in Emeryville, and at the Bridge Yard building at 210 Burma Road in Oakland, where parking is available.
There is a parking garage at MacArthur BART station just off MacArthur Boulevard in Oakland. Payment is required on weekdays from 4 am to 3 pm but parking is free on weekends and holidays. Parking is full by around 7 am on weekdays. Parking permits can be booked online in advance or the daily parking fee can be paid at the Addfare / Parking Validation machine in the station using your stall number.